Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. The therapy cannot remove your problems, but can help you manage them in a more positive way. It encourages you to examine how your actions can affect how you think and feel.
The therapy works by helping you make sense of overwhelming problems by breaking them down into smaller parts. Your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected and can often trap you in a negative cycles. The therapy helps you stop these negative cycles. It aims to break down factors that are making you feel bad, anxious or scared so they are more manageable. It can show you how to change these negative patterns to improve the way you feel. Talking and changing your behaviour can change how you think (cognitive) and what you do (behaviour). This can make you feel better about life.
Research has shown that CBT can be as effective as medicine in treating depression and other mental health problems. Compared with other talking therapies CBT can also be completed over a relatively short period of time. However, to benefit from CBT you need to commit yourself to the process. A therapist can help and advise you, but they cannot make your problems go away without your full co-operation.
The therapy is offered in group settings (e.g., Mood Management, Overcoming Worry, Stress Management), over the telephone, or face-to-face. Depending on the specific type of CBT offered, the length of treatment varies between six and twelve sessions and each session lasts between thirty and sixty minutes.
Counselling can help you to explore your feelings to gain a better understanding of your problems, and can help you to come to terms with distressing events such as losing a loved one, divorce or confusion over your sexual identity. A counsellor is trained to listen sympathetically and support you in finding solutions / resolving issues and also encourages you to explore alternative ways of coping. Many people find it a great relief to share worries and fears with somebody else. Counselling can also work on the emotional difficulties which underlie depression, along with other processes such as low self-esteem or self-criticism. The therapy helps you identify feelings and make sense of them to enable you to make changes. Counselling is offered face-to-face and usually consists of around six sessions with each session lasting sixty minutes.